Dementia is actually a progressive health issues which takes place when the brain is broken by disorders and illnesses such as Alzheimer's disease, Huntington's disease and Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) or maybe a series of strokes. The term dementia is not really the actual disease in its personal right although is the communautaire term used to describe the selection of related symptoms caused by the gradual fatality of head cells. These kinds of symptoms include memory reduction, problems with thinking, perception, conversation skills and physical capability. (NHS Options, 2014) Approximately by 2015 there will be around 850, 000 people living with dementia in britain. (Alzheimer's World, 2014) REASONS BEHIND DEMENTIA
In many instances, the exact factors behind dementia or perhaps dementia like symptoms are unknown as a result of there being several possible triggers. When someone has dementia, brain skin cells are destroyed and expire faster than they normally would, triggering physical changes in the brain. Dementia is not a natural part with the ageing method. Cell destruction in particular areas of the brain will be associated with different types of dementia. (Alz. org (2014) Types of dementia
There are many different types of dementia although some are far more widespread than other folks. They are often named according to the state that has induced the dementia. (Alzheimer's Society 2014)
Alzheimer's disease -- This is the most common type of dementia. This disease causes the brain to reduce in size and very small deposits of clumps of protein, generally known as plaques, set out to develop and form around brain skin cells, disrupting the regular workings with the brain. While the disease advances, the brain gradually becomes a growing number of affected.
The most noticeable symptom with Alzheimer's disease is memory loss. People with dementia could have difficulty remembering recent conversations, recently learned facts, problems recalling particular words, names, objects or events plus the inability to buy and preserve new data. As the disease progresses, they may experience problems with communication, need help with personal attention and screen behaviour improvements such as roaming, difficulty speaking, swallowing and loss of flexibility. People with Alzheimer's can drop track of dates, seasons plus the passage of your time. Sometimes they could forget wherever they are or perhaps how they got there, also becoming dropped in their own homes. (Wikipedia, 2014)
Vascular dementia - also known as blood vessel dementia, is the second most common form of dementia with symptoms comparable to that of Alzheimer's, so much so it is commonly mistaken for Alzheimer's disease. Vascular dementia occurs where problems with blood flow result in regions of the brain certainly not receiving enough blood and oxygen.
People with Vascular dementia will experience memory loss, difficulty speaking or understanding speech and difficulty paying attention. Similar to Alzheimer's, they will also find it difficult to remember words and names. Other prevalent symptoms contain episodes of confusion, disorientation, mood swings, exhibits of aggression, feeling depressed or hallucinations. Sometimes you will discover physical concerns, for example difficulties with walking or incontinence. (Royal College of Psychiatrist, 2014)
Dementia with Lewy bodies - arises where unusual structures, referred to as Lewy physiques, develop in the brain leading to a decline in considering, reasoning and independent function. Similar to Alzheimer's disease, individuals with Dementia with Lewy Bodies also knowledge memory reduction, difficulty preparing and organising tasks.
In addition , they will also display symptoms which separate this Dementia with Lewy Bodies from the other types of dementia just like vivid hallucinations, fluctuating states of dilemma throughout the day and several Parkinson's symptoms such as tremors, muscle tightness, falls or difficulty with walking. (NHS Inform, 2014)
Frontotemporal dementia (sometimes referred to as Pick's disease or...
References: Alzhiemer's Disease International, (2012) World Alzheimer Report, 2012, Overcoming the Stigma of Dementia [Online] available at http://www.alz.co.uk/research/WorldAlzheimerReport2012.pdf [Accesseded 01. eleven. 2014]
Alz. org. (2014) Prognosis [Online] Available at http://www.alz.org/what-is-dementia.asp [Accessed 16. 10. 2014]
Alzheimer's Society, (2014) What is frontotemporal dementia?
About Dementia, Stats
Community Treatment, (2014) Taking care of challenging behaviour in dementia sufferers [Online] Available at
http://www.communitycare.co.uk/2010/09/16/managing-challenging-behaviour-in-dementia-sufferers/ [Accessed 02. 11. 2014]
eHow (2014) Depressive disorder vs Dementia [Online] Sold at www.ehow.com/about_5417503_depression-vs-dementia.html [Accessed 03. 11. 2014]
Genetic Health (2011) Some Circumstances Mimic�
http://www.nice.org.uk/Guidance/CG42/chapter/guidance [Accessed 03. eleven. 2014]
Norfolk and Suffolk Dementia Alliance, (2011) A Practical Tips for Fundamental Take care of People with Dementia
Wikipedia, (2014. ) Memory [Online] Available at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alzheimer%27s_disease#cite_note-pmid15324363-21 [Accessed 40. 10. 2014]
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